Tours della Sicilia dai siti archeologigi di epoca fenicia, greca e romana, le rovine delle acropoli di  Agrigento, Selinunte, Segesta, Moprgantina, Eracle Minoa, Taormina e Giardini Naxos, la villa Romana Antico Casale di Piazza Armerina. Dall'architettura araba di Palermo alle città barocche della Sicilia Orientate. Dalle necropoli di Pantalica alle riserve naturali orientate  alle spiagge piu belle del sud Italia. Il vulcano più alto d'europa e più attivo del mondo l'Etna.


Tours of Sicily by archeologigi sites of Phoenician times , Greek and Roman ruins of the acropolis of Agrigento , Selinunte , Segesta , Moprgantina , Heracles Minoa , Taormina and Giardini Naxos , the ancient Roman villa of Casale in Piazza Armerina . Arab architecture of Palermo to the baroque city of Sicily Orient . The necropolis of Pantalica nature reserves geared to the most beautiful beaches of southern Italy . The highest volcano in Europe and active Etna world.

Of this type uere also the Sicilian colonies, founded around the eighthcentury, the most important of which uere Ziz (Palermo) and Motye(Motya). Of the former there exists practically no trace, as the buildingswere covered by subsequent stratifications. Of Motya instead there existruins of some interest, as the towm, destroyed by Dionysos I in 397 B.e.was never rebuilt, and what is visible today gives a fairly precise image of a Phoenician city. Motye was founded on an island measuring about 1 square km. in the lagoon called Stagnone, a short distance from present?day Marsala. The coast, which was notfaraway (in accordance with a typical Phoenician building procedure), could also bereached on a cart, at low tide, following a half-ubmerged track. Motye, in effect,was the only Phoenician town proper in Sicily, and it soon became one of theirmost florid colonies in the Mediterranean. Il was surrounded by high walls alongwhich, at intervals, there uiere semicircular battlements, typical of Semitic architecture; in it there were also two gates which  today are well preserved. Its origin was said to date back lo Hercules, w/w, having found some lost herds thanksto the help of a woman called Motye, chose to give her name to the town which shortly afterwards us founded. In the Phoenician Language, the word meansspinning mill, and it seems indeed that the town was  a renowned weaving centre, where cloths were also dyed purple. Apart from this, the  economic} of Motye wasbased on the production and trading of ceramics. It was also an important naval base and a ?cothon? was built there, that is to say a dry dock for repairs to ships, which, apart from the big one found at Carthage, in North Africa, is the only  nefound in the western Mediterranean.
According to what we learn from  Diodorus Siculus, Motye was embellished by elegant houses and sumptuous palaces.However, only a very small part of the dwelling area has been brought to light, and at present on/y two houses can beseen: one of them has floor mosaics and black and white paving stones, on which there are animal figures. Among themost interesting areas discovered there is the ?tophet?, a sacred area in which there were placed the remains ofsacrifices offered to divinities, small animals and even children, the latter having been sacrificed during terrible calamities to placate the wrath of the gods. After Dionysos I destroyed it, the survivors moved to ihe coast, foundingLilybaeum (Marsala) and leaving the little island uninhabited. It remained so until Joseph Whitaker, at the end of thelast century, bought it and carried out some diggings which led him to identify the islet with the ancient Phoenicianbase. The findings from the diggings were then gathered together and catalogued inside one of the storehouses of thevilla, which was thus turned into a museum, In the course of his researches, Whitaker collected up some 10,000objects: steles, terracotta objects with paintings on them, jewels, pottery,weapons, and so forth. The museum is now one of the most interesting of those which  illustrate the history of Phoenician civilization. Careful restoration work carried out a few years ago maintained intact the spirit and structures of the nineteenth?century museum, though introducing some modernization making it easier to visit.


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